New American Standard Bible

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Ecclesiastes

3

:

19

For the fate of the sons of men and the fate of beasts is the same. As one dies so dies the other; indeed, they all have the same breath and there is no advantage for man over beast, for all is vanity.

Lexicon

Verse part Definition: Part of speech: Strong's: Hebrew: Transliteration:
For the fate accident, chance, fortune Noun H4745 מִקְרֶ֨ה mik·reh
of the sons son Noun H1121 בְֽנֵי־ ve·nei-
of men man, mankind Noun H120 הָאָדָ֜ם ha·'a·dam
and the fate accident, chance, fortune Noun H4745 וּמִקְרֶ֣ה u·mik·reh
of beasts a beast, animal, cattle Noun H929 הַבְּהֵמָ֗ה hab·be·he·mah
is the same. one Adjective H259 אֶחָד֙ e·chad
As one this, here Pronoun H2088 זֶה֙ zeh
Analysis:

One: God

Refers to HaShem (God), Who is One. This number can also refer to unity. The first place the number "one" occurs is in Genesis 1:5. There one reads, "And there was an evening and there was a morning— one day". Later on in this same book of Genesis, it is stated concerning the man and his wife, "And they became one flesh" (Genesis 2:24). It is very significant that in both of these examples there was a multiplicity for the subject. In the first example, the evening and the morning became one day and in the second example, it was Adam and Eve who became one flesh.

One of the most famous passages in the Torah concerning HaShem is Deuteronomy 6:4 which states, "Hear O Israel the Lord your God the Lord is One." The question that a person must ask himself is what is the connection between the use of the Hebrew word אחד "one" which identifies a multiplicity being one and the fact that the Lord God of Israel is One? The answer is that the Hebrew word אחד can relate to the concept for one as in "unification". There is another Hebrew word that would have been possible to be used if the author wanted to refer to an absolute oneness or singleness. This is the Hebrew word יחיד. In fact, there is a well-known prayer in Judaism which states, "אחד ואין יחיד כיחודו". This phrase should be translated as, "(God is) One and there is no singularity as His singularity." The idea that is being expressed in this prayer is that the Lord God of Israel is One; but not an absolute One; rather there is a uniqueness and a complexity to His Oneness.

The number one is frequently employed to express in the Scriptures one object, such as one man or one tabernacle. This usage would be the simple or common purpose that the number one or for that matter any number, would appear in a Biblical text. Often the appearance of a number does not contain any of the significance that Hebrew numerology might offer. Therefore, the reader must always consider when coming across a verse which contains a number, that the number only expresses an amount and no additional significance. 

Because the number one is often associated with God, there is a unique phenomenon in the Scriptures concerning this number. Sometimes the number one is employed to express a unique relationship that the object has to HaShem. For example,

"And it will be one day, it will be known to HaShem..." Zechariah 14:7

In the text above, Zechariah could have stated simply, "And it will be a day…" The fact that the prophet said "one day" is to convey that this day is uniquely related to God. Similarly, it is stated by the prophet Ezekiel in chapter 37, "one King", "one nation" and "one Shepherd" (see Ezekiel 37:22, 24). Each of these objects—King, nation and Shepherd—has a connection to HaShem. The King and Shepherd is Messiah Yeshua, the Son of God and the one nation is Israel, the people of God.

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dies death Noun H4194 כְּמֹ֥ות ke·mo·vt
so so, thus Adjective H3651 כֵּ֣ן ken
dies death Noun H4194 מֹ֣ות mo·vt
the other; this, here Pronoun H2088 זֶ֔ה zeh,
indeed, they all the whole, all Noun H3605 לַכֹּ֑ל lak·kol;
have the same one Adjective H259 אֶחָ֖ד e·chad
breath breath, wind, spirit Noun H7307 וְר֥וּחַ ve·ru·ach
and there is no nothing, nought Particle H369 אָ֔יִן a·yin,
advantage abundance, preeminence Noun H4195 וּמֹותַ֨ר u·mo·v·tar
for man man, mankind Noun H120 הָאָדָ֤ם ha·'a·dam
over from Prepostion H4480 מִן־ min-
beast, a beast, animal, cattle Noun H929 הַבְּהֵמָה֙ hab·be·he·mah
for all the whole, all Noun H3605 הַכֹּ֖ל hak·kol
is vanity. vapor, breath Noun H1892 הָֽבֶל׃ ha·vel.

Parallel Verses

Removed text
Added text
New American Standard Bible For the fate of the sons of men and the fate of beasts is the same. As one dies so dies the other; indeed, they all have the same breath and there is no advantage for man over beast, for all is vanity.
King James Bible For the fate of that which befalleth the sons of men and befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: as the fate of beasts is the same. As one dies dieth, so dies dieth the other; indeed, yea, they all have the same breath and there is no advantage for all one breath; so that a man over beast, hath no preeminence above a beast: for all is vanity.
Interlinear For the fate of the sons of men and the fate of beasts is the same. As one dies so dies the other; indeed, they all have the same breath and there is no advantage for man over beast, for all is vanity.