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Matthew

26

:

40

And He comes to the disciples and finds them sleeping. And He says to Peter, “So, were you not able to watch with Me one hour?

Lexicon

Verse part Definition: Part of speech: Strong's: Greek: Transliteration:
He comes To come, go. V-PIM/P-3S H2064 ἔρχεται erchetai
disciples A learner, disciple, pupil. N-AMP H3101 μαθητὰς mathētas
finds To find, learn, discover, especially after searching. V-PIA-3S H2147 εὑρίσκει euriskei
sleeping. To sleep, to be sleeping. V-PPA-AMP H2518 καθεύδοντας katheudontas
He says (denoting speech in progress), (a) to say, speak; to mean, mention, tell, (b) to call, name, especially in the pass., (c) to tell, command. V-PIA-3S H3004 λέγει legei
to Peter, Peter, a Greek name meaning rock. N-DMS H4074 Πέτρῳ petrō
“So, Thus, so, in this manner. Adv H3779 οὕτως outōs
were you not able To have strength, to be strong, to be in full health and vigor, to be able; to prevail. V-AIA-2P H2480 ἰσχύσατε ischusate
to watch (a) to be awake (in the night), watch, (b) to be watchful, on the alert, vigilant. V-ANA H1127 γρηγορῆσαι grēgorēsai
one One. Adj-AFS H1520 μίαν mian
Analysis:

One: God

Refers to HaShem (God), Who is One. This number can also refer to unity. The first place the number "one" occurs is in Genesis 1:5. There one reads, "And there was an evening and there was a morning— one day". Later on in this same book of Genesis, it is stated concerning the man and his wife, "And they became one flesh" (Genesis 2:24). It is very significant that in both of these examples there was a multiplicity for the subject. In the first example, the evening and the morning became one day and in the second example, it was Adam and Eve who became one flesh.

One of the most famous passages in the Torah concerning HaShem is Deuteronomy 6:4 which states, "Hear O Israel the Lord your God the Lord is One." The question that a person must ask himself is what is the connection between the use of the Hebrew word אחד "one" which identifies a multiplicity being one and the fact that the Lord God of Israel is One? The answer is that the Hebrew word אחד can relate to the concept for one as in "unification". There is another Hebrew word that would have been possible to be used if the author wanted to refer to an absolute oneness or singleness. This is the Hebrew word יחיד. In fact, there is a well-known prayer in Judaism which states, "אחד ואין יחיד כיחודו". This phrase should be translated as, "(God is) One and there is no singularity as His singularity." The idea that is being expressed in this prayer is that the Lord God of Israel is One; but not an absolute One; rather there is a uniqueness and a complexity to His Oneness.

The number one is frequently employed to express in the Scriptures one object, such as one man or one tabernacle. This usage would be the simple or common purpose that the number one or for that matter any number, would appear in a Biblical text. Often the appearance of a number does not contain any of the significance that Hebrew numerology might offer. Therefore, the reader must always consider when coming across a verse which contains a number, that the number only expresses an amount and no additional significance. 

Because the number one is often associated with God, there is a unique phenomenon in the Scriptures concerning this number. Sometimes the number one is employed to express a unique relationship that the object has to HaShem. For example,

"And it will be one day, it will be known to HaShem..." Zechariah 14:7

In the text above, Zechariah could have stated simply, "And it will be a day…" The fact that the prophet said "one day" is to convey that this day is uniquely related to God. Similarly, it is stated by the prophet Ezekiel in chapter 37, "one King", "one nation" and "one Shepherd" (see Ezekiel 37:22, 24). Each of these objects—King, nation and Shepherd—has a connection to HaShem. The King and Shepherd is Messiah Yeshua, the Son of God and the one nation is Israel, the people of God.

Loveisrael.org - Baruch Korman, Ph.D. - All Rights Reserved - Used with Permission 2016

hour? (a) a definite space of time, a season, (b) an hour, (c) the particular time for anything. N-AFS H5610 ὥραν ōran

Parallel Verses

Removed text
Added text
Berean Bible And He comes to the disciples and finds them sleeping. And He says to Peter, “So, were you not able to watch with Me one hour?
King James Bible And He comes to he cometh unto the disciples disciples, and finds findeth them sleeping. And He says to asleep, and saith unto Peter, “So, were you What, could ye not able to watch with Me me one hour?
New American Standard Bible And He comes came to the disciples and finds found them sleeping. And He says sleeping, and said to Peter, “So, were "So, you men could not able to keep watch with Me for one hour?
Hebrew Greek English And He comes came to the disciples and finds found them sleeping. And He says sleeping, and said to Peter, “So, were "So, you men could not able to keep watch with Me for one hour?