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Genesis

10

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11

From that land he went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh and Rehoboth-Ir and Calah,

Lexicon

Verse part Definition: Part of speech: Strong's: Hebrew: Transliteration:
From that land earth, land Noun H776 הָאָ֥רֶץ ha·'a·retz
he went forth to go or come out Verb H3318 יָצָ֣א ya·tza
into Assyria, the second son of Shem, also the people of Asshur, also the land of Assyr. Noun H804 אַשּׁ֑וּר a·shur;
Analysis:
Read more about: Asshur, Assyria
and built to build Verb H1129 וַיִּ֙בֶן֙ vai·yi·ven
Nineveh capital of Assyr. Noun H5210 נִ֣ינְוֵ֔ה ni·ne·veh,
Analysis:

Nine: Work, deed, outcome, result…

The number nine is understood in Judaism to express the concept of work, deed, outcome or result. A common illustration that is offered is a woman is pregnant for nine months and then the outcome / result of this pregnancy is manifested. Although the number appears several times in the Old Covenant, in general it is used to simply express an allotment of time; that is, something that happened in the ninth year. It is when one considers the appearance of the number nine in the New Covenant that the interpretation for the number becomes clear. In the book of Luke, Yeshua ministers to ten lepers. As these ten lepers obey Yeshua's command to go and show themselves to the priests, they were healed. Only one of those who were healed went back to thank Yeshua. The nine apparently continued on towards the priests. The point is that the one leper who returned to Yeshua really was the only one who was changed; the nine were only healed outwardly. Biblically, leprosy is not the disease that most of the world usually assumes, a natural skin ailment that is highly contagious. In the Bible, leprosy is also highly contagious, but its cause is pride and unkind speech. Hence, it was the one who returned to Yeshua that really had been healed not only outwardly, but inwardly too, as he did not think of only being pronounced clean by the priests, but first he wanted to thank Yeshua. Thanksgiving is an act of humility and not pride. The nine who were healed and did not return to Yeshua, only focused on the outcome of the miracle. In other words, they only looked to the deed or the work of Yeshua and not the spiritual aspects of their situation.

When studying the number six, we also spoke about the number nine. Please note that many English translations, even some of the more literal ones, still make interpretations for the reader which are not warranted. This is often the case when hours (time of day) are mentioned. The ninth hour is actually three in the afternoon. Therefore, instead of leaving the text in its original manner, many translations prefer to change the ninth hour to three in the afternoon without informing the reader of the literal rendering. In doing so, the translation robs the reader of being able to benefit from the significance that a proper understanding of numbers adds to the text.

In the example given in our study of the number six, it is stated that there was darkness over the earth from approximately the sixth hour until the ninth (see Matthew 27:45). It was interpreted that the use of the numbers six and nine together expressed that Yeshua being on the Cross was the deed / work (9) that made the grace of God (6) possible. Likewise, in the next verse (Matthew 27:46), Yeshua cries out at about the ninth hour, "My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me." This statement speaks about the outcome / result of sin. Not Yeshua's sin (God forbid), as He was without sin! However, Scripture states that this One Who knew no sin; that God made Him sin for us, so we could become the righteousness of God in Him (2 Cor. 5:21). The point is that Scripture mentions the ninth hour to reveal the outcome of Yeshua becoming sin on our behalf, i.e. His death. Sin and death are inherently related in the Bible, so it is also at the ninth hour the outcome / consequence of sin, is manifested. It is clear that Yeshua dying at the ninth hour was not a random happening. It pointed to the work of the Messiah, dying for the sins of the world. 

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Read more about: Nineveh
and Rehoboth-Ir "broad places," a well dug by Isaac, also two cities of unc. location Noun H7344 רְחֹבֹ֥ת re·cho·vot
Analysis:
Read more about: Rehoboth
and Calah, a city in Assyr. Noun H3625 כָּֽלַח׃ ka·lach.
Analysis:
Read more about: Calah

Locations

Asshur

SHERGHAT, ASSHUR, ASSURshur'-gat, sher'-gat: The name of the first capital city of Assyria is known by the Arabs as Qala' at Sherghat, or the Fortress of Sherghat. Its ancient name was Asshur or Assur (Genesis 10:11 margin). From it was derived the name of the country, Assyria, and of the people, Assyrians. The date of the founding of the city is not known.... View Details

Calah

CALAHka'-la (kalach; Chalach, also Chalak or Kalach; in Assyrian Kalhu, Kalha, Kalhi, Kalah): The name of one of the great cities of Nimrod (Genesis 10:11), or rather, Asshur (text), which formed, with Nineveh, Resen between Calah and Nineveh, and Rehoboth-Ir (probably lying more to the North), Asshur's great fourfold capital. The meaning of the name is unkn... View Details

Nineveh

NINEVEHnin'-e-ve (nineweh; Nineue, Nineui; Greek and Roman writers, Ninos): I. BEGINNINGS, NAME, POSITION1. First Biblical Mention2. Etymology of the Name3. Position on the TigrisII. NINEVEH AND ITS SURROUNDINGS1. Its Walls2. Principal Mounds and Gateways3. Extent and Population within the Walls4. Extent outside the Walls5. Calah, Resen and Rehoboth-Ir6. Kho... View Details

Rehoboth

REHOBOTHre-ho'-both, re-ho'-both (rehobhoth, "broad places"; Euruchoria): One of the wells dug by Isaac (Genesis 26:22). It is probably the Rubuta of the Tell el-Amarna Letters (Petrie, numbers 256, 260; see also The Expository Times, XI, 239 (Konig), 377 (Sayce)), and it is almost certainly identical with the ruin Ruchaibeh, 8 hours Southwest of Beersheba.... View Details

People

Ir

an Israelite

Parallel Verses

Removed text
Added text
New American Standard Bible From that land he went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh and Rehoboth-Ir and Calah,
King James Bible From Out of that land he went forth into Assyria, Asshur, and built Nineveh builded Nineveh, and Rehoboth-Ir the city Rehoboth, and Calah,
Interlinear From that land he went forth into Assyria, and built Nineveh and Rehoboth-Ir and Calah,